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password is a word or string of characters used for user authentication to prove identity or access approval to gain access to a resource (example: an access code is a type of password), which is to be kept secret from those not allowed access.

The use of passwords is known to be ancient. Sentries would challenge those wishing to enter an area or approaching it to supply a password or watchword, and would only allow a person or group to pass if they knew the password. In modern times, user names and passwords are commonly used by people during a log in process that controls access to protected computer operating systems, mobile phones, cable TV decoders, automated teller machines (ATMs), etc. A typical computer user has passwords for many purposes: logging into accounts, retrieving e-mail, accessing applications, databases, networks, web sites, and even reading the morning newspaper online.

Despite the name, there is no need for passwords to be actual words; indeed passwords which are not actual words may be harder to guess, a desirable property. Some passwords are formed from multiple words and may more accurately be called a passphrase. The terms passcode and passkey are sometimes used when the secret information is purely numeric, such as the personal identification number (PIN) commonly used for ATM access. Passwords are generally short enough to be easily memorized and typed.

Most organizations specify a password policy that sets requirements for the composition and usage of passwords, typically dictating minimum length, required categories (e.g. upper and lower case, numbers, and special characters), prohibited elements (e.g. own name, date of birth, address, telephone number). Some governments have national authentication frameworks that define requirements for user authentication to government services, including requirements for passwords.

Most of Microsoft's employees are using Windows Hello, the company's biometric technology, to log into their PCs as the company seeks to serve as an example to all Windows PC users.
Ancestry.com closes parts of its community-driven genealogy site RootsWeb as it investigates a leaky server that exposed thousands of passwords, email addresses and usernames to the public internet.
A file containing hundreds of thousands of RootsWeb users' email, login information, and passwords was found externally exposed, genealogy site says.
Touch ID could be used before, but iPhone X owners must enter their passwords.
Many of the old standbys made this year's list of the 25 stolen - and weakest - passwords found dumped online.

Jack of all trades

Among this array of threats we found a rather interesting sample – Trojan.AndroidOS.Loapi.

This Trojan boasts a complicated modular architecture that means it can conduct a variety of malicious activities: mine cryptocurrencies, annoy users with constant ads, launch DDoS attacks from the affected device and much more.
Keeper exposed punters to drive-by click-jack pwnage Google Project Zero's Tavis Ormandy has turned up a howling blunder in a password manager bundled with Windows 10.…
Win 10 version of Keeper has 16-month-old bug allowing sites to steal passwords.
Automated account-creator used bad passwords to detect when sites go bad Researchers working on a technology to detect unannounced data breaches have found, to their dismay, that one per cent of the sites they monitored were hacked over the previous 18...
Find shows people still suck at passwords A data dump containing over 1.4 billion email addresses, passwords, and other credentials, all in clear text, has been found online by security shop @4iQ.…
Find shows people still suck at passwords A data dump containing over 1.4 billion email addresses, passwords, and other credentials, all in clear text, has been found online by security shop @4iQ.…