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IT threat evolution Q3 2017

Our growing dependence on technology, connectivity and data means that businesses present a bigger attack surface than ever. Targeted attackers have become more adept at exploiting their victimsrsquo; vulnerabilities to penetrate corporate defences while ‘flying under the radarrsquo;.
An undocumented Microsoft Office feature allows for spying via specially crafted Word documentsmdash;no macros, exploits or any other active content needed.
A little while back we were investigating the malicious activities of the Freakyshelly targeted attack and came across spear phishing emails that had some interesting documents attached to them.

They were in OLE2 format and contained no macros, exploits or any other active content.
It's 2016, people, and anything with code in it just does not belong in your inbox The Australian Signals Directorate (ASD), the sigint outfit renowned for its “don't be stupid” guide to infosec, has published its latest guidelines for e-mail admins. E-mail being what it is, its Malicious Email Mitigation Strategies carries a fair amount of detail, but the basics are easy: treat attachments like live grenades; don't accept attachments you can't scan; and please reject Microsoft Office macros. There's a simple reason the focus is on stopping badware getting into users' inboxes in the form of attachments: users are going to click on attachments or links no matter how many times you tell them not to. While the advice won't surprise infosec insiders, it's a very handy checklist to make sure your security admins have ticked all the boxes. Top of the list isn't, as you might expect, “run all attachments through antivirus”; rather, if you can, the ASD reckons your mail systems should change the attachment's file type.

For example, incoming Word attachments could land in the user's inbox as PDFs, meaning that users can view a document without risking a macro virus coming from the far end. Incoming file types should be explicitly whitelisted, the ASD reckons, and the mail server should quarantine encrypted attachments, password-protected zips, and the like (with whitelisting only if there's a legitimate reason to encrypt). After a bunch more attachment-handling suggestions, the advice moves on to how e-mail body filtering and here, the biggie is that you should get rid of clickable HTML links in e-mails; expose obfuscated links; and remove active content (VBScript or JavaScript) from the e-mail body. Sender verification – Sender Policy Framework (SPF) or Domain Keys Identified Mail (DKIM) – should be supplemented with Domain-based Message Authentication, Reporting and Conformance (DMARC). ® Sponsored: 2016 Cyberthreat defense report